Liszt Ferenc Zeneművészeti Egyetem
Népzenei Tanszék
III. évfolyam
2010/2011 I. félév

Népzene és műzene kapcsolata a 20. században

(Németh G. István, MTA Zenetudományi Intézet)


2010.09.21.


Honlap látogatottsága (e-mail, ZTI, Zsuzsa), a kísérleti hangfelvételek (ülésrend vagy másik gép).
A múlt órai provokatív elszólások: nemzet, pc.
A vizsga, illetve az addig tervezett referátumok.
Az eddigi három referens neve, fényképe & e-mail címe fölkerülhet ide?

Népzene-műzene (1. szóbeli) referátum


Referensek!
A lány lesz a nép-, a fiú a műzene allegorikus alakja. 5 percig ti beszéltek az eddigiek alapján, a második 5 percben én kérdezek.


II. szabály: A népzene és a műzene megjelölések használatakor a körültekintő óvatosság a minimum!


6 rövidfilm, melyet 2010.08.26-án készítettem (NGI) Bergamóban (Olaszország), egy "népünnepélyen":

Festa di Sant'Alessandro

(a 2. írott referátum megajánlott témája)


Bevezetés fotókkal: oroszlános kapu. Asszociáció: Maszkok és bergamaszkok (Claude Debussy)
Pontosabban: Debussy, Achille-Claude (b St Germain-en-Laye, 1862 ; d Paris, 1918 ).

Masques et bergamasques (ballet, Debussy), 1909–10, scenario (1910)
Suite bergamasque, c1890, rev. 1905 (1905): Prélude, Menuet, Clair de lune, Passepied

A Suite bergamasque hangfelvétele: http://www.deezer.com/en/#music/**peter-frankl**/debussy-selected-works-for-piano-291180

A rövidfilmek: 1-3 = processzió (felvonulás); 4-6 = színpad.


1 = 1. szám; 2 = 2. szám (triós forma); 3 = 2. szám (triós forma) még egyszer;



4 = 3. szám vokális közbeszúrásokkal; 5 = 4. szám konferansz-szöveggel; 6 = 4. szám folytatása.



Cornamusa bergamasca

Irodalom
Tari Lujza Európai népzene kurzusa a mesterin
Roberto Leydi-Febo Guirri: La zampogna in Italia

Az ország himnusza olyan, mint egy operaária! (The Italian National Anthem)
Hangfelvétel: http://www.deezer.com/en/#music/result/all/italian%20national%20anthem
Karaoke vs népünnepély.

Összefoglaló keresztkérdés
Mondhatjuk, hogy az olasz nemzeti és a bergamói regionális himnusz
olyan viszonyban van egymással, mint a magyar és a székely?
Miért igen (esetleg) és miért nem (voltaképpen)?

Popular Music, Pop Music bibliográfia



A katalán zenéről referáló kollégának: a The New Grove’s Dictionary of Music and Musicians (nyomtatott zenei lexikon), illetve a Grove Music Online (digitális változat) Spanyolország szócikkének 2. része részletesen tárgyalja az ibériai „népzené”t.
Robert Stevenson, et al. Spain, §II: Traditional and popular music
Popular music (Grove Music Online, a szócikk bevezetése)
A term used widely in everyday discourse, generally to refer to types of music that are considered to be of lower value and complexity than art music, and to be readily accessible to large numbers of musically uneducated listeners rather than to an élite. It is, however, one of the most difficult terms to define precisely. This is partly because its meaning (and that of equivalent words in other languages) has shifted historically and often varies in different cultures; partly because its boundaries are hazy, with individual pieces or genres moving into or out of the category, or being located either inside or outside it by different observers; and partly because the broader historical usages of the word ‘popular’ have given it a semantic richness that resists reduction. The question of definition is further discussed in §I, 1, below.
Even if ‘popular’ music is hard to define, and even if forms of popular music, in some sense of the term, can be found in most parts of the world over a lengthy historical period, in practice its most common references are to types of music characteristic of ‘modern’ and ‘modernizing’ societies – in Europe and North America from about 1800, and even more from about 1900, and in Latin America and ‘Third World’ countries since the 20th century, and even more strongly since World War II. The focus in this article is on these musical types; the emphasis is on the main themes, debates and historical trends, and, in particular, on the USA and Britain, since 20th-century styles and practices originating in the USA (together with styles originating in Britain since about 1960) have come to dominate popular music worldwide. The period after about 1955 is discussed in more detail in POP and in other entries on specific genres. Further information will also be found in articles on individual countries.
I. POPULAR MUSIC IN THE WEST
II. WORLD POPULAR MUSIC

A további elriasztás céljából tessék tudni róla, hogy a populáris zenének külön lexikona, mely már a 4. kiadásnál tart:

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (Edited by Colin Larkin)
By popular demand, the online version of Colin Larkin's critically acclaimed 10-volume The Encyclopedia of Popular Music, 4th edition, is available through Oxford Music Online. Containing 27,000 entries and over 6,000 new entries, the online edition of the Encyclopedia of Popular Music includes 50 percent more material than the third edition. Featuring a broad musical scope covering popular music of all genres and periods from 1900 to the present day, including jazz, country, folk, rap, reggae, techno, musicals, and world music, the Encyclopedia also offers thousands of additional entries covering popular music genres, trends, styles, record labels, venues, and music festivals. Key dates, biographies, and further reading are provided for artists covered, along with complete discographies that include record labels, release dates, and a 5-star album rating system.
The Encyclopedia of Popular Music is entirely cross-searchable with Grove Music Online through the Oxford Music Online gateway!


Egyelőre elég ennyit tudnunk:

Pop (Oxford Music Online - RÖVID & TELJES SZÖVEG)
Abbreviation for ‘popular’. Earlier meaning meant concerts appealing to a wide audience. The London Popular Concerts were founded by BENEDICT in 1858 and continued until 1898 . Since the late 1950s, however, pop has had the special meaning of non‐classical mus., usually in the form of songs, perf. by such artists as the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, Abba, etc. Thus ‘pop groups’ (performers of pop, usually singer(s), guitars, drums, sometimes sophisticated elec. effects), and ‘pop festivals’.